The first supercomputer, Atlas, was created in the early 1960s and watching around the world, it is quite obvious that the technology had a big jump from the 1960s this selection are the 10 most expensive supercomputers in the world.
The every 5 years , in fact, supercomputers today become obsolete, technology rapidly advancing information and development of computing and research. Supercomputers today are measured in petaflops, a processing speed of one thousand trillion floating point operations per second.
Vulcan BlueGene / Q, United States – US $ 100 million
This supercomputer has a peak of 5 petaflops, and is currently the ninth fastest supercomputer in the world, according to Top500.org. Vulcan came into operation in 2013, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to research in biology, plasma physics, climate science, molecular systems, solid and fluid engineering, and other complex topics of study.
SuperMUC, Germany – US $ 111 million
SuperMUC is currently the fourteenth fastest supercomputer in the world. The system was created by IBM, operates in Linux, and contains more than 19,000 Intel and Westmere-EX processors, and has a peak performance of just over 3 PFLOPS.
SuperMUC is used by European research in various fields, including medicine, astrophysics, quantum chromodynamics and computational fluid dynamics.
IBM Roadrunner, United States – US $ 130 million
This supercomputer achieved incredible performance of 1,456 PFLOPS, keeping the place on the TOP500 list. The supercomputer was decommissioned on 31 March 2013.
It was replaced by a more intelligent supercomputer, and more efficient in relation to energy, called Cielo. The goal of Roadrunner was highly confidential, to model the fall of the US nuclear arsenal.
Trinity, United States – US $ 174 million
Trinity will be used to maintain the safety and effectiveness of America’s nuclear arsenal. Trinity will be done in conjunction with Sandia National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory as part of the Computer Program and Simulation Advanced the NNSA.
It is not clear when this supercomputer will be installed and working, and if it runs the nation’s nuclear arsenal in an event that the United States use its nuclear weapons in combat situations. Whatever the case, the hope is that Trinity is in good hands.
Sequoia BlueGene / Q, United States – US $ 250 million
The supercomputer BlueGene / Q Sequoia was developed by IBM for the NNSA as part of Advanced Computation and Simulation Program. And currently positioned at number 3, with a theoretical peak of 20 PFLOPS, or 20 trillion calculations per second. Some of the computer’s purposes are to study astronomy, human genome, climate change and ongoing nuclear weapons.
ASC Purple and BlueGene / L, United States – US $ 290 million
These two supercomputers come as a package. 2 computers were announced by DoE in 2002 to be contracted to IBM for $ 290 million. They were installed in 2005 at Lawrence Livermore Lab, and was decommissioned in 2010.
The ASCI Purple at Lawrence Livermore Lab was built to simulate and replace the live test WMD. The BlueGene / L focused on important scientific fields such as prediction of global climate change, and study of the interaction between atmospheric density and pollution.
Sierra and Summit, United States – US $ 325 million
Built using IBM Power servers and accelerators Nvidia Tesla GPU, 2 supercomputer dubbed Sierra and Summit will be installed in 2017. The next Sierra system will have no problems running in more than 100 PFLOPS while Summit will have processing capabilities up to 300 PFLOPS.
the purpose of Sierra at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the nation’s nuclear program. Meanwhile, Summit giving more experience of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s supercomputer Titan, directed to scientific applications around the world.
Tianhe-2, China – US $ 390 million
Tianhe-2 is the current fastest supercomputer in the world, being able to perform 33,860 trillion calculations per second, and is used for simulation, analysis and the Chinese government security applications.
Earth Simulator, Japan – US $ 500 million
The Earth Simulator was developed as a level parallel vector supercomputer system used to perform global climate models, and to assess the effects of global warming and problems in geophysics of the solid Earth.
The Earth Simulator System has several features to help protect the computer against earthquakes, with rubber mounts in a seismic isolation system, and lightning, with a high voltage, shielded nest that hangs over the building.
Fujitsu K, Japan – US $ 1.2 billion
The K computer, called the Japanese word “kei” is 10 quadrillion, is the fourth fastest supercomputer in the world, with a theoretical peak of 11 PFLOPS speed.
It is located in the Advanced Institute for Computational Science RIKEN, and is 60 times faster than the Earth Simulator. K costs $ 10 million per year to operate, using 9.89 MW of energy, or the equivalent of nearly 10,000 suburban homes, or one million desktop computers linked.